Medicines are administered in different forms through different routes to obtain either the shodhana or shamana effect. Collectively all these treatment procedures are known as Bheshaja Chikitsa. Among these, unique five therapies that render evacuation of dosha are segregated as PANCHAKARMA. Remaining procedures are simply referred by the name UPAKARMA. The Sanskrit term Panchakarma translates five therapeutic procedures. Pancha refers to the number five, and Karma refers to the therapy that brings about homeostasis. Vamana, Virechana, Asthapana Basti, Anuvasana Basti and Nasya are the five procedures comprising Panchakarma.
Imbalance of dosha and its accumulation in the body is said to be the basic pathology of the disease process in general. Medicines may be given to pacify this kind of pathology. Or else accumulated dosha may be expelled out of the body by subjecting to eliminatory procedures. If the imbalance is pacified, later on depending upon the exposure to predisposing factors, there is every risk of recurrence of the illness. Contrary to this, if the patient is treated by expelling the accumulation of the dosha, there is minimal or no risk of the recurrence. Therefore these eliminatory procedures, popularly known by the name Panchakarma have an edge over any other medical management that pacifies the pathological accumulation of dosha.
To eliminate the accumulated toxins in the body and strengths the immune system.
– Conducted for 3-7 days
Deepana-Pachana chikitsa refers to the oral administration of certain medicines that augments and assists the process of digestion, thus ensuring the optimal state of gastrointestinal tract. Thereby one can expect proper digestion and assimilation of the drugs administered as well as the desired results from the shodhana procedure that follows.
– Conducted for 3-7 days
Snehapana is carried out as a preliminary procedure during the shodhana therapy like Vamana and Virechana. As part of these procedures, the snehapana is carried out to facilitate the mobilization of the dosha from the site of its morbidity to the site of elimination, i.e. trunk. In this process, utklesha state of the dosha is achieved by the snaehapana. Utklesha here refers to provocation of dosha for its easy evacuation by the shodhan procedure that follows.
Imparting greasiness to the body by application of oil is reffered by the name Abhyanga. Before shodhana, this Abhyanga helps in mobilization of the dosha from the site of morbidity to the site of elimination.
Induction of perspiration by different methods of applying heat to the body is the Swedana procedure. This procedure also helps in the mobilization of the dosha into the gastrointestinal tract for its elimination.
Vamana is the unique procedure of eliminating the dosha (toxins) from the body through the oral route by way of inducing vomiting. Kapa dosha or toxins in the chest region & upper part of abdomen is best eliminated by this procedure.
Eliminating the doshas (toxins) from the body through the anal route along with fecal mattes by inducing purgation is known as virechana. Pitta dosha or toxins in the lower part of abdomen is best eliminated by this procedure.
The administration of decoction through the anal route is known as Asthapana or Nirhua Basti.Asthapana Basti is the best cure for the imbalanced of Vata Dosha as it acts as irritant in the long intestine and expulse the dhosa (toxins) along with fecal mattes.
The administration of oil/ghee through the anal route is known as Anuvasana Basti. This type of Basti is usually administrated in combination with Asthapana Basti as it balanced the Vata Dosha by producing strength to the long intestine.
Administration of the medicines through nasal route is known as Nasya. As this is the measles route for expulsion of toxins for the head and neck, it is best suited for disease localized in this region.
Specific prescription of diet following the shodhana karma to restore the functioning of the gastric fire as well as physical strength is referred to as samsarjana karma.
Depending upon the condition of the body and the leftough toxic substances, palliative or regenerative treatment is initiated.
EligibleHealthy individual who wish to remain healthy.
EligibleIndividuals suffering from a disease and looking for a cure.
Pouring of stream of liquid over the forehead
Retaining warm oil over the lower back
Retaining warm liquid (ghee or oil) over the ocular area.
Anointing the body with dry herbal powder.